A substance that is very important for keeping your bone, hair and nails strong. It’s found in dairy products and some other foods too.
Any malignant tumour and/or group of diseases that are caused by cells forming in an uncontrolled way. There are many variations of cancer.
An extremely thin plastic tube that is put into a vein to give medicines.
The smallest types of blood vessel – most are only big enough to allow a red blood cell through. They're about 0.008mm in diameter.
Otherwise known as a frozen shoulder.
A group of substances found in food that the body converts into energy. Food containing carbohydrates include potatoes, rice, pasta and bread.
A gas, which we breathe out into the atmosphere. Its chemical symbol is CO2
A very poisonous gas, which can kill if breathed in for too long. Car exhausts and faulty gas fires produce it, and its chemical symbol is CO.
Anything relating to or affecting the heart.
A sudden, sometimes temporary, cessation of the heart's functioning.
The study of the heart and how it works.
Also called CPR. It’s an emergency procedure used as a way of starting breathing and circulation again if a person has stopped breathing or their heart has stopped.
Cardiovascular systems (circulatory system)
The system that circulates blood around the body. The system transports nutrients and oxygen to tissues and removes waste products.
Someone who helps to care for a patient. They usually assist nurses and social workers with caring for the vulnerable and elderly in a community.
Either of the two arteries that supply blood to the head and neck.
A passageway on the palm side of the wrist that connects the forearm to the hand.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
A compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist and carpal tunnel to the
A substance that holds a body together and stops the ends of the bones rubbing together.
A rigid casing made out of plaster of Paris or plastic that is used to protect a broken bone and help the grow back together properly.
Cat or CT Scan
A special type of x-ray that can see inside the body. Normal x-rays can only see bones, but CT scans can see a lot more, helping doctors to find out what's going on.