Glossary

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Ibuprofen

An anti-inflammatory drug used for pain relief.

Ilieum

The final and longest section of the small intestine. It is attached to the colon.

Immune system

The organs in the body responsible for resisting infections. It does this by circulating anti-bodies and white blood cells throughout the body.

Immunisation

The production of immunity via artificial means such as via an injection.

Incision

This is the medical word for the cut that the surgeon makes during an operation.

Incontinence

Involuntary passage of urine. A common issue in the elderly.

Incontinent

The term used to describe somebody who has an inability to control the release of urine from their body.

Incubator

This is a device used to care for babies, especially those that are born early. The incubator does this by allowing health professionals to control the temperature, humidity and oxygen around the baby.

Infection

When organisms invade the body and potentially cause disease.

Inflammation

The body’s immediate response to injury.

Influenza

A highly contagious virus that infects the respiratory system. The virus is spread via coughs and sneezes.

Inhaler or nebulizer

An inhaler is a gadget that sprays a gas, vapour or aerosol into the mouth to treat conditions such as asthma.

Inheritance

This is how are genes passed on from generation to generation.

Injection

This is when a substance is put into the body using a needle. There several types of injection e.g- including intravenous, intramuscular, intrathecal and subcutaneous.

Insulin

Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas. The body releases insulin to help it store glucose (a form of sugar) received from food. People with diabetes often need to inject insulin as their body does not correctly control its output of the hormone.

Intensive care

The intensive care unit is sometimes called PICU or ICU. It's a special hospital ward where children are given lots of help. Doctors and nurses who have had extra-special training treat them.

Internal defibrillator

This is a small device that is inserted into the chest to monitor the heart’s rhythm. It can also control the pace of the heart’s beating by delivering small electric shocks.

Intestine

This is part of your digestive system. You have a large intestine (also called the colon) and a small intestine. They work together to squeeze food through to your bottom, absorbing liquid and goodness along the way.

Intramuscular

A type of injection that is given into a muscle.

Intrathecal

A type of injection that is given into the spaces between the bones in your spine.