Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

L

Laceration

A ragged wound or cut.

Large bowel

Also called the colon, it is where any water from your food is absorbed.

Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords as a result of infection.

Larynx

The medical word for voice box – the part of your throat that produces sound.

Laxatives

Medication taken to stimulate a bowel movement and relieve constipation.

Lens

The part of the eye that lets you focus what you see so it is clear.

Lesion

Otherwise known as a wound or injury.

Leukaemia

A type of cancer that affects blood cells.

Ligament

A band of tissue that holds the ends of bone together.

Liver

The liver is both the largest organ and gland in the human body. It regulates chemicals such as blood sugar.

Lumen

This is the space inside a tube. In medicine, its usually used to refer to the inside of a tubular organ, like your intestines, or the inside of a tube to give medicine, like a central line.

Lungs

The pair of organs that handle respiration (breathing).

Lymph

This is a fluid that circulated in the lymphatic system. It's full of lymphocytes – white blood cells which fight infection.

Lymphatic system

This is part of the immune system. Lymphatic vessels drain lymph away from the body and back into the bloodstream.

Lymphocyte

This is a type of white blood cell that fights infection. There are two types – T cells and B cells. B cells protect against second attacks of infectious diseases like measles.

Lymphoma

A type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. There are two types – Hodgkin's Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.