Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

M

Maladjustment

The inability to cope with daily life.

Malignant

Any disorder that becomes a threat to life if left untreated. Normally used to describe a tumour that invades and destroys tissue by spreading via the blood stream and lymphatic system.

Malignant Hypertension

Extremely high blood pressure. Left untreated it can cause severe damage to organs.

Malnutrition

An imbalance between the nutrients a body receives and what it needs.

Manometry

A test that shows how well nerves and muscles in the digestive system create pressure to push along food or waste matter.

Maxilla

The bones in the skull that form the upper jaw.

Measles

An infectious disease that mostly affects children. Vaccination provides immunity against the disease.

Medicine

The science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases. There are many different branches such as; comparative, forensic, geriatric, tropical, holistic and preventative.

Medulloblastoma

A cancerous brain tumour that occurs during childhood.

Melanin

The pigment that gives skin, hair and eye colour.

Meninges

The layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord. If the meninges become inflamed it is called meningitis.

Meningioma

A benign tumour that forms in the coverings of the brain or spinal cord.

Meningitis

A serious illness where the meninges become inflamed, usually because of an infection by a bacteria, virus or fungi.

Menopause

The point in a women’s life where she ceases to produce egg cells every four weeks.

Mental Illness

A disorder of the mind. They are often divided into disorders.

Microbe

A microorganism such as a bacterium causing disease or fermentation.

Microscope

A powerful instrument that lets a person see things that cannot normally be seen with the naked eye.

Migraine

A serious headache that can often be accompanied by sickness and sensitivity to light.

Molecule

The smallest part of a substance.

Monocyte

A type of white blood cell that fights infection.