Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

R

Radial

Anything relating to the radius; the bone in the forearm.

Radiography

Making pictures using radioactive materials, like x-rays.

Radiology

The study of making pictures using radioactive materials, like x-rays.

Radiotherapy

Using radioactive materials to treat diseases. A doctor that specialises in this is called a radiotherapist.

Radius

The outer and shorter bone of the forearm.

Rash

A temporary eruption on the skin that is usually red and sore. Often caused by a reaction to outside factors but also can be caused by infections and diseases such as Measles.

Recovery Position

A first-aid position where an unconscious but breathing person can be laid to provide protection to the airway.

Red Blood Cells

Red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to cells around the body.

Reflex

An involuntary or automatic response.

Reflux

The backflow of liquid against its normal direction of movement.

Rehabilitation

The process of returning somebody to full health or fitness.

Relapse

When a disease or condition returns following apparent recovery.

Remission

A reduction in the severity of a condition. Often used in terms of cancer to describe a reduction of cancer and its symptoms.

Resection

An operation where a section, or all, of a diseased part of a body, is removed.

Respiratory system

The organs and parts of the body related to breathing.

Resuscitated

When a person has been successfully revived after they had previously stopped breathing or their heart had failed. CPR is often the cause.

Retina

The layer on the back of the eyeball where what you see is converted into nerve signals which your brain understands.

Rheumatoid arthritis

A common form of arthritis that affects the joints and can lead to damage to bones and ligaments. Onset can occur at any age.

Rheumatologist

This is a special doctor who treats people that have problems with their joints and limbs.

Rheumatology

The study of joints and diseases that affect them.