Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

V

Vaccination

An injection designed to stimulate the production of anti-bodies and to provide immunity against diseases.

Valve

A structure located in some tubular organs that controls the flow of fluid.

Veins

Tubes that mainly carry oxygen-depleted blood towards the heart.

Ventilation

The movement of air into and out of the respiratory tract. A ventilator machine supports and provides breathing to patients unable to breathe on their own.

Ventricle

Either of the two lower chambers of the heart.

Vertebra

The bones that make up the spine. Each vertebra has a hole in the middle so that the spinal cord can pass through it. There are 33 vertebrae in the human spine.

Virology

The scientific study of viruses.

Virus

A type of germ that can cause disease. Viruses cause colds, and more serious diseases like meningitis.

Vitamins

A group of organic substances found in food that are vital to normal metabolism. There several types; vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K.

Vomit

Expelling the contents of the stomach via the mouth.

Vulva

The vulva refers to women’s genitalia including the clitoris and the labia.