Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

F

Facial Paralysis

The paralysis of the facial nerves.

Faeces

Waste matter remaining after food has been digested.

Fainting

Temporary loss of consciousness due to a lack of oxygen in the brain.

Fasting

Not eating or drinking.

Fatigue

Tiredness of the body and/or mind.

Femur

The medical word for thighbone – the longest bone in the human body.

Fibrillation

The very rapid irregular contractions of the muscle fibres of the heart resulting in a lack of synchronism between heartbeat and pulse. Can result in Cardiac Arrest.

Fibrous dysplasia

A bone disease that destroys normal bone and replaces it with a fibrous (scar-like) tissue. This can change the shape of the bone and make it weak.

Fibula

One of the bones in the lower leg. The fibula is much thinner than a shinbone (tibia) and doesn’t connect with the knee. Instead, it forms part of the ankle. It’s main purpose is to give the muscles a place to connect.

Fistula

This is an abnormal connection (or hole) that happens between an organ, vessel or intestine. They can occur as a result of injury, surgery or infection.

Fixator

The name for a device that holds together a broken bone by screws that are inserted into the bone and held in place by a surrounding brace.

Foreign body

Anything that is in a body, either inside or in one of the openings that shouldn’t be there.

Fracture

The breaking of a bone. They vary from simple fractures to severe bone breaks.

Freckles

Small patches of skin containing pigment.