Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

T

Tachyarrhythmia

A disturbance in the heart that results in it pumping more than 90 beats per minute.

Tachypnoea

Rapid breathing.

Tendon

Tendons join muscles to bone and muscles to muscles. They are made up of lots of very strong and flexible fibres joined together.

Tension

Another word for stretching.

Thorax

The medical word for your chest.

Tinnitus

The sensation of sounds in the ear or head despite the absence of an external source of sound. In some people, the sound causes depression, anxiety or interferes with concentration.

Tonsils

A mass of lymphoid tissue whose purpose is to help protect against infections. When inflamed the sufferer is suffering from tonsillitis.

Topical

The application of a cream or ointment to the surface of the skin that’s affected by a rash or other ailment.

Torpor

A state of sluggishness. Can be a symptom of mental disorders, poisoning or a metabolic disorder.

Trachea

The medical word for your windpipe.

Tracheostomy

An operation to make an opening into the trachea or wind pipe.

Traction

A set of mechanisms for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spine and skeletal system.

Trauma

A physical wound or injury. Can also be used to describe a psychologic disorder such as Post traumatic stress disorder.

Tuberculosis

An infectious disease that generally affects the lungs. One-third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. In its latent form it is harmless with no obvious symptoms. The classic symptoms of active TB are a chronic cough with blood-containing sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss.

Tumour

A growth of some kind. Usually refers to a cancerous lump.

Tympanoplasty

Surgery that performed on the small bones of the middle ear or perforated eardrum.

Typhoid

An infectious bacterial disease that causes high fever and intestinal irritation.