Glossary

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N

Nasogastric tube

A tube that is passed up your nose, and down your throat to your stomach. It’s used for draining off what’s in your stomach, or for feeding if you can’t swallow.

Nausea

The feeling that you want to vomit.

Nebulizer

A nebulizer is a bit like an inhaler, but you wear a facemask. The machine blows some medicine into the facemask so you can breathe it in.

Necrosis

The death of some or all cells in tissue or organ.

Nephrology

The study of kidneys and diseases that affect them. The doctor who specialises in nephrology is called a nephrologist.

Nerve

A connecting fibre that transmits signals from the brain and spinal cord throughout the body and to muscles and organs.

Nervous System

The network of cells that specialise in transmitting information in the form of nerve impulses throughout the body. The brain and spinal cord form the Central Nervous System.

Neur

Anything relating to the nerves or nervous system.

Neurologist

This is a special type of doctor who deals with issues to your nervous system.

Neurology

The study of the brain and nervous system.

Neurosurgery

Any operation on the brain or nervous system.

Nicotine

A poisonous highly addictive substance derived from tobacco.

Noninvasive

Techniques used to investigate or treat a condition that does not result in the breaking of the skin. Can also be used to describe benign tumours.

Norovirus

A highly contagious virus that causes acute gastroenteritis in humans.

Notifiable Disease

A disease that must be reported to the authorities if discovered so that prompt action can be taken to control and prevent its spread. The reporting of such diseases is legally required by the Health Protection Regulations 2010.

Nurse

A trained individual who is entrusted with caring for the sick and carrying out medical and surgical routines. There are various types of nurses such as; District nurse, Health Visitor, Nurse Practitioner, School Nurse, Midwife.

Nursing Home

A residential facility that provides care for the elderly or individuals who do not require hospital treatment.

Nystagmus

An eye condition where the eyes move about uncontrollably, usually from side to side.